Some of these "little pointed islets in the sea," as they were once fittingly described, were established as the Farallon National Wildlife Refuge in 1909, but the Southeast Farallons were not added until 1969. Southeast Farallon is a main island of about 70 acres (including the only major flat spot on the refuge) and numerous small rocks. Two miles northwest lies Middle Farallon, a single rock 50 yards in diameter. The North Farallons sit four miles farther north, two clusters of precipitous islets and rocks pierced by strong winds and dense fog.
Humans have had devastating and far-reaching effects here--everything from an excessive amount of seabird egg collecting in the 1850s to recent oil spills. The area has been recovering, and fur seals and approximately 400 elephant seals have returned to the Farallons. Estimates place the breeding seabird population at 250,000 including cormorants, murres, gulls, auklets, storm petrels, and puffins. The Refuge supports half the world's population of ashy storm petrels (a rare seabird), and the largest colony of western gulls anywhere. Boats that ply the surrounding waters regularly pass near porpoises and sharks, including the great white, as well as gray, humpback, and blue whales in season.
All the islands have received the Wilderness designation except Southeast Farallon, where a lighthouse still warns ships away from its rocky shores. The lighthouse was automated and equipped with solar power in 1994. The Farallons are the smallest California Wilderness, and because of their delicate ecological structure, they remain off-limits to most visitors.
Closed Wilderness Area
Ten of the National Wilderness Preservation System's 803 wilderness areas are closed to access and use by the general public. Most of these closed areas are managed by the Fish and Wildlife Service. The core mission of the Service's National Wildlife Refuge System is conservation of native fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats. The Farallon Wilderness, part of the Farallon National Wildlife Refuge, is closed to visitation to protect wildlife and other natural, cultural, and/or other resources consistent with the conservation purpose(s) of the refuge. Wilderness designation provides an additional level of protection for the wilderness portion of this refuge, but does not open the area to public access or use.
The Farallon Islands are located off the shore of California in the Pacific Ocean, 28 miles west of the Golden Gate Bridge.
Digital and paper maps are critical tools for wilderness visitors. Online maps can help you plan and prepare for your visit ahead of time. You can also carry digital maps with you on your GPS unit or other handheld GPS device. Having a paper map with you in the backcountry, as well as solid orienteering skills, however, ensures that you can still route-find in the event that your electronic device fails.
Motorized equipment and equipment used for mechanical transport is generally prohibited in all wilderness areas.
This includes the use of motor vehicles, motorboats, motorized equipment, bicycles, hang gliders, wagons, carts, portage wheels, and the landing of aircraft including helicopters.
(No official title, designates Farallon Wilderness) - Public law 93-550 (12/26/1974) To designate certain lands in the Farallon National Wildlife Refuge, California, as wilderness; to add certain lands to the Point Reyes National Seashore; and for other purposes