On Arizona's smallest designated Wilderness, Baboquivari Peak rises sharply to dominate the scenic desert terrain of the east side of the Baboquivari Range, near the Mexican border. On the western side of the range lies the Tohono O'odham Nation. Baboquivari, near the southern end of the area, rates as the only major peak in the state requiring technical climbing ability to reach the summit, a popular attraction for rock climbers. Elevations range from 7,730 feet on the summit to 4,500 feet on the desert floor. Vegetation in the higher country includes oak, walnut, and piñon; chaparral grace the lower elevations. Wildlife includes javelina, coyote, Coues whitetail deer, mule deer, mountain lion, bobcat, ringtail, coati and badger. Bird species include crested caracara, Harris' hawk, black vulture, prairie falcon, golden eagle, peregrine falcon and scaled quail.
You can hike along animal tracks on the informal trails. The Humphrey Ranch maintains a pedestrian easement to the edge of the Wilderness in Thomas Canyon. The hiking is strenuous, but your rewards are solitude and splendid vistas. Always carry plenty of water.
Leave No Trace
How to follow the seven standard Leave No Trace principles differs in different parts of the country (desert vs. Rocky Mountains). Click on any of the principles listed below to learn more about how they apply in the Baboquivari Peak Wilderness.
Digital and paper maps are critical tools for wilderness visitors. Online maps can help you plan and prepare for your visit ahead of time. You can also carry digital maps with you on your GPS unit or other handheld GPS device. Having a paper map with you in the backcountry, as well as solid orienteering skills, however, ensures that you can still route-find in the event that your electronic device fails.
Motorized equipment and equipment used for mechanical transport is generally prohibited in all wilderness areas.
This includes the use of motor vehicles, motorboats, motorized equipment, bicycles, hang gliders, wagons, carts, portage wheels, and the landing of aircraft including helicopters.